Every year since 2006, the Global Firepower website publishes an annual report with the ranking of armed forces, from the strongest to the weakest.
This year’s ranking of countries’ military strength was published last month, and the data is interesting both internationally and for the region of the former Yugoslavia.
Global Firepower has calculated a specific Power Index for each of the 139 countries in the ranking, on the basis of more than 50 factors that include not only military power, but also the financial situation, logistical capacity and geographical conditions of armies around the world.
As expected, the United States still ranks first, with a power index of 0.0718 (the closer the index is to zero, the greater the military strength). It is interesting to note how little Russia actually lags behind America. Russia’s power index is 0.0791, which puts it in second place. This difference has remained constant from previous years.
The United States has successfully met the criteria of a modern military force with its gigantic, albeit partially inflated military budget, extensive infrastructure, huge manpower in the military, navy, air force and marines, as well as a large base of potential recruits, writes the American newspaper National Interest.
Croatia rose to 63rd place with a power index of 1.0331, while in 2017, it was in 68th place and in 2019, in 70th place. Thus, it is ahead of Slovenia (88th place, 2.0782) and Bosnia and Herzegovina (121st place, 4.0474), but behind Serbia (61st place, 1.0063) and Hungary (55th place, 0.9187). Serbia has made serious progress since 2017, when it ranked 89th.
The armed forces of Croatia and Serbia are often the subject of comparison and competition. Serbia has twice as many active members of the armed forces (30,000) as Croatia (15,500), and more than twice as many reservists – 50,000 compared to only 20,000 in Croatia.
In addition, the Serbian military budget is larger than Croatia’s: $1.14 billion versus $880 million. While Croatia has 75 military aircraft, including only 12 fighters and 37 helicopters, Serbia has 113 military aircraft, only 6 fighters, but 51 military helicopters.
Serbia then has 304 tanks, Croatia has 72, Serbia has a total of 1,200 armoured vehicles and Croatia 650. Croatia, logically, has a stronger navy, with 28 ships compared to Serbia’s 19.
(Vesti Online, 09.03.2021)
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