In 2022-23, the International Grains Council’s July report anticipates worldwide wheat production to reach 770 million tonnes, down from 781 million tonnes in 2021-22, with 195 million tonnes available for trade.
Most wheat production comes from a handful of countries and even fewer are major exporters, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. Here’s a look at the top 10 wheat-producing countries worldwide, based on total yield in tonnes from 2000-2020 with 2022-23 production and consumption projections.
China ranks first with 17% of the global wheat production with the country producing less wheat than it actually needs for the population’s consumption (production – 135 million tonnes, consumption needs – 141 million tonnes). Next is India (12.5% of global production), followed by Russia (8.4%), the USA (8.4%), France (5.4%), Canada (4%), Germany (3.5%), Pakistan (3.4%), Australia (3.2%) and Ukraine (3.1%).
Serbia currently ranks 34th in the world. A total of 730,000 hectares of land in Serbia is under wheat, and Serbia’s annual wheat production in 2022 stood at just over 3 million tonnes.
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