The harvest is over. Wheat yield is 10% lower and grain quality significantly worse than last year due to the problems with rain, drought and fluctuating temperatures all year round. One kilogramme of wheat is currently sold for 18 dinars.
Not only are the yields lower, but the wheat quality is also much worse, so there is more grain for the livestock and less for the production of bread. As for the price, a kilogramme of wheat is about 18 dinars, which, according to agricultural experts, is one of the best prices for the quality wheat.
The president of the Žito Srbije Association, Vukosav Sakovic, said that it was difficult to repeat the last year’s record because the harvest from a year ago gave five tonnes of yield per hectare and this year’s that stands at 4.5. There were problems all year round for wheat in Serbia – from sowing, to when the wheat began shooting up in December and January, to the extreme drought in March and April and to the rain in May, with the heavy rainfall affecting the yield and quality more than previously expected.
Last year, the problem with wheat was germination, because the harvest took a long time, says Sakovic. Now, it is a low weight, which is a consequence of the bad weather along with the use of a low-quality merchant grain. By choosing a specific variety, the farmers can influence quality. Pursuing a variety that produces higher yields usually results in lower grain quality. There are some very good but delicate Serbian wheat varieties, but if the climatic conditions are not great, these varieties will not meet quality parameters.
There are quantities of wheat that are also available for export. As announced earlier, one million tonnes of wheat will be exported, but it will be very difficult to sell it because of the high price.
As for quality, Serbian wheat has a serious problem with electrolytic weight, but the situation is similar throughout the region, namely in Croatia, southern Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria. There is cause for alarm, but we need to consider what we are going to sow next autumn.
“Wheat is sown for various purposes all over the world and two years ago, a question was raised of which varieties are most suitable for animal feed and which for bread production,” explains Sakovic. It is up to the millers to choose and pay attention to what the kind of grain the flour is made of, because if it is of poor quality, the bakers will not buy it.
(Vecernje Novosti, 29.2019)
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