International Women’s Day is celebrated on March 8 around the world, commemorating the demonstrations of American women workers in Chicago in 1909 and the march of more than 15,000 women in New York City demanding shorter working hours, better wages and the right to vote.
The first National Women’s Day was celebrated on February 28, 1909, in the United States of America after a declaration issued by the Socialist Party of America.
Women’s Day was established at the Second International Conference of Socialist Women, March 8, 1910, in Copenhagen, on the initiative of the German activist Clara Zetkin, the then leader of the women’s labour movement.
Women’s Day was first celebrated in 1911 in Austria, Germany, Switzerland and Denmark, when more than a million women and men took part in demonstrations demanding that women be able to vote in elections, hold public office and have the right to work and professional education.
Demonstrations were held in almost every major European city every year until 1915 and the beginning of World War I. The main demand was for European countries to finally introduce universal suffrage.
The idea of celebrating 8th March is an invitation to all to make their contribution to the theoretical and practical elimination of discrimination against women, but also an appeal to the authorities that the policy pursued is in line with the needs of women.
Women’s Day has been celebrated in Serbia since 1914 and the United Nations officially declared March 8 as International Women’s Day in 1975.
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