The Economist Intelligence Unit: Serbia is a flawed democracy

The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) has just released its annual democracy index, with Serbia being included in the list of the countries categorized as “flawed democracies”, the same position that Serbia had in 2017.

In the report titled “The 2018 Democracy Index”, which included 165 countries and two territories, 20 countries were branded as full democracies, 55 as flawed democracies, 39 as hybrid regimes, and 53 as authoritarian regimes.

This means that only 4.5% of the global population lives in full democracies.

However, the overall global score remained stable in 2018 for the first time in three years. Just 42 countries experienced a decline, compared with 89 in 2017. Encouragingly, 48 countries improved.

Serbia received a total of 6.41 points (10 is the maximum number of points), the same as one year earlier, and it occupies the 63rd place together with Tunisia. Our country also occupies the 11th place at the regional level.

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Serbia received the biggest number of points in the category electoral process and pluralism – 8.25, while it got the least number of points for political culture (5.00) and government functioning (5.36).

Of the countries in the region, Croatia ranked better than Serbia with 6.57 points, while Serbia is ahead of Albania with a total of 5.98 points, Macedonia with 5.87, Montenegro with 5.74 and Bosnia and Herzegovina with 4.98 points.

In the region of Eastern Europe, to which Serbia belongs, the overall democracy index has slightly improved, to 5.42 from 5.40 points in 2017, when it was at its historical minimum, and compared to 5.76 in 2006, when the index was first published.

Parts of Europe are suffering from a democratic malaise. Italy fell from 21st to 33rd in the rankings after voters elected a populist coalition that seeks to bypass democratic institutions and curtail the civil liberties of immigrants and Roma.

Turkey’s score declined for the sixth year in a row as President Recep Tayyip Erdogan swept aside most constraints on his power.

Russia deteriorated for the tenth year in a row, after the main opposition candidate was barred from running in a presidential election and Vladimir Putin continued to crush civil liberties.

Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia saw slight improvements in 2018, mostly reflecting higher scores for political participation.

Australia and New Zealand are the only “full democracies” in the entire Asia-Pacific region, while the United States is among those that couldn’t find its way into the top category.

There are also eight countries (Algeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Timor-Leste, Ethiopia, North Korea, Laos, Nepal and Sri Lanka) which full titles include the word “democratic”, but the EIU says not one of these countries is actually fully democratic.

Significant improvements were registered in Armenia, Macedonia, Ecuador, Haiti and Tunisia.

Special attention in the new global EIU report was given to the category “political participation” because it is the only one of five categories that has seen some improvement.

Worldwide, according to the EIU’s 11th Annual Report, political participation has been growing over the last ten years, and in 2018, this growth was sufficient to prevent a decline in the overall index.

(Nova Ekonomija, 10.01.2018)


This post is also available in: Italiano

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