The Serbian Statistical Office has announced that, in 2019, Serbia’s population stood at 6,945,235.
The Statistical Office also notes that the trend of depopulation is continuing, which means that the population growth rate, compared to the previous year, is negative and amounts to -5.4 per thousand inhabitants.
According to these data, in 2019, the percentage of the population aged 65 years and over was 20.7%, while 14.3% were under 15 years of age.
The Zaječar area has the largest percentage of elderly people, 28.5%, and at the same time, the lowest percentage of the population under 15 years of age, 11.2%.
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The largest percentage of young people is in the Raska region, 18%, followed by the regions of South Bačka and Pčinja, with about 1% less.
In cities and municipalities, the values of the dependency ratio of the elderly population are higher in Gadžin Han, Crna Trava, Svrljig and Rečovac (over 60) and lower in Preševo, Bujanovac and Tutin (under 15).
In the period 2002-2019, the population of the Republic of Serbia was steadily decreasing, the Statistical Office underlines.
At the regional level, only the Belgrade region is experiencing a population increase, while the most pronounced decline is in the region of southern and eastern Serbia. The greatest decline is also recorded in Crna Trava, Gadžin Han and Babušnica.
There are more men in the 40 to 44 age group, and more women in the 65 to 69 age group.
These trends also affect the reduction of the working population, who declined by 2.3% of the total over the period 2002 to 2019.
Over the same period, the average age of the population increased from 40.2 to 43.3 years.
The increase in the number of older people is influenced by the fact that they live longer, i.e. on average 3.4 years longer than in 2002.
(Nova Ekonomija, 02.07.2020)
Photo credits: EPA-EFE/KOCA SULEJMANOVIC
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