“Serbia is a country of manual labour”

Men and women with high school education, aged between 30 and 59, spend most of their working time performing heavy physical work in Serbia. On the other hand, women use social skills more at work, while highly educated men lead the way in using digital devices.

According to the Modul research on work skills, the most used work skill in Serbia was “communication with people from the same company or organization”. In other words, about 90 percent of respondents engage in verbal business communication with colleagues during working hours and approximately 70 percent of them communicate with people outside the company or organization.

Also, about 60 percent of workers stated that they are engaged in heavy physical work, of which 26 percent are engaged in heavy labour half of the working time or more and 31 percent less than half of the working time.

More than 50 percent of men at work do not use cognitive skills at all, such as reading instructions and working on calculations involving fractions, percentages, and more complex mathematical functions, while only about 5 percent spend most of their working time using them.

When it comes to women, the situation is not much different. More than half of the respondents do not use cognitive abilities at all and only 6 or 7 percent of them use them most of the working time.

In relation to cognitive skills, a more significant difference between the sexes is noted in manual skills. While about 23 percent of men spend most of their working time on manual tasks, that number among women is about 5 percent lower.

“This infers that low-budget foreign investments are coming to Serbia, that is, those that mostly require manual labour. That’s why these data are not surprising. Many workers complain that they are overworked and that they spend one hundred percent of their working time in physically demanding jobs. An example is cable factories, of which we have a lot. There, workers spend the entire working day standing, without ever having a chance to sit down and rest. Employees perform monotonous activities and their hands are constantly engaged. The situation is similar in retail where workers spend their working day unloading the goods, stacking them on the shelves and operating cash registers”, says the president of the Association of Free and Independent Trade Unions (ASNS), Ranka Savić.

Miloš Turinski, PR of the job search website Infostud, says that women apply more for jobs such as administration and retail, while men mostly opt for more difficult physical jobs. Speaking about the demand for labour, he points out that Serbia currently has the biggest deficit of trade and IT workers.

(Danas, 23.04.2024)


This post is also available in: Italiano

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