In the last nine years, Serbia’s population has decreased by 433,232 – only on the basis of negative population growth – according to the statement on the population estimates of the State Statistics Office.
These estimates are based on the results of the 2022 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings and the annual statistics of natural movement and internal migration of the population.
According to the latest results of the 2022 census, Serbia’s population stood at 6,647,003. In terms of gender representation, 51.4 percent are women (3,423,627), while 48.6 percent are men (3,240,822).
In the period from 2002 to 2022, the population of the Republic of Serbia was on a constant decline. At the regional level, only the Belgrade region recorded an increase in the number of inhabitants until 2020, while other regions experienced a population decrease throughout the observed period.
The process of demographic ageing of the population is manifested by the low number of young people and the high and continuously growing share of the elderly in the total population. The share of people aged 65 and over is 22 percent, and those of 15 years old and younger is 14 percent.
Observed by districts, the Zaječar area has the largest share of people aged 65 and over (30.3 percent) and at the same time, the smallest share of the population under 15 years of age (11.2 percent).
According to the 2011 census, Serbia had a population of 7,186,862, i.e. 539,859 more than the 2022 census.
The reason for the population decrease is due to five factors – young people leaving the country, women becoming mothers later than before and reproductive health, economic and psychological reasons.
According to data from the United Nations Development Program, around 51,000 people leave Serbia every year.
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