The latest Transparency International (TI) report, released on Thursday, showed that a staggering number of countries had little to no improvement in tackling corruption, according to the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) 2019, which saw Serbia at the same place as in the year before with 39 points out of 100.
Last year, Serbia occupied the 87th position with the same 39 index points. The latest ranking, at the 91st place, pushed the country in the lower part of the list for the first time.
“Our analysis also suggests that reducing big money circulating in politics and promoting inclusive political decision-making are essential to curb corruption,” the TI report added.
It said that in the last year, “anti-corruption movements across the globe gained momentum as millions of people joined together to speak out against corruption in their governments,” adding that “the current state of corruption speaks to a need for greater political integrity in many countries.
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“Index 100 denotes “very clean”, and 0 “highly corrupt”. This year, our research highlights the relationship between politics, money and corruption. Unregulated flows of big money in politics also make public policy vulnerable to undue influence,” the report says.
The report also said that the countries with lower CPI scores had a higher concentration of political power among wealthy citizens.
Commenting on the results of the research, Professor Vladimir Goati said that the findings not only indicate that the level of corruption in Serbia is high, but that this phenomenon is endemic.
“This speaks to the weakness of the rule of law, but also to the existence of serious impediments to economic development,” Goati said at a press conference in Belgrade.
He assessed that one of the key instruments that facilitate “hyper-endemic” corruption is the practise of appointing acting directors to manage public enterprises.
‘By the appointment an acting director to manage the public property for a period of six months, the governing party, regardless of who is in power, keeps these acting directors on a tight leash. The instrument is devastating and should be abolished as soon as possible even though the government does not want to give up the practice of ad hoc governance, “Goati said.
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