The total state budget for research and development across the European Union last year amounted to 109.25 billion euros, which is equivalent to 0.8 percent of gross domestic product, Eurostat said.
That is a six percent increase compared to 2020, and a 35 percent increase compared to 2011.
Allocations from the budget for research and development at the EU level amounted to 244 euros per person, and the highest allocations were in Luxembourg (689 euros per person), followed by Denmark (530 euros) and Germany (471 euros).
On the other hand, the EU countries with the lowest budget allocations for research and development per person were Romania (€19 per person), Bulgaria (€24), Latvia (€45) and Hungary (€60).
Over the last decade, the largest percentage increases in state R&D budget allocations per person were recorded in Latvia, Greece and Hungary, while allocations decreased in Spain.
As for Serbia, last year 26.6 billion dinars (226.6 billion euros) of budget funds were spent on research and development activities, which represents an increase of 5.3 percent compared to the previous year of 2020. That puts Serbia, with 33 euros per capita, at the bottom of the list, but ahead of Bulgaria and Romania.
The share of total budget funds in GDP for research and development in 2021 was 0.42 percent, and the highest percentage of funds went to the state sector (62.7 percent), followed by the higher education sector (22.8 percent).
(Bloomberg Adria, 14.08.2022)
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