Research carried out by Danas daily has shown that only 10 of the 100 largest companies in Serbia have women as directors.
Along with them, another 10 women have found their place as legal representatives in the companies on the list of the best 100 companies by business income in 2019, published annually by the Business Registers Agency.
Women hold management positions at Mercator, Fiat, Henkel, Robert Bosch, Farmalogist, Matijevic, Ball Packaging, Miletic Petrol, Frikom and EMS. Women are also legal representatives of Nestlé, Lidl, Sport Vision, Tigar Tires, Tetra Pak, Metro, JP International and Impol.
The news that, a few days ago, Milka Vojvodić took over the management of Delta Holding from its founder Miroslav Mišković has slightly fuelled women’s hopes that something might finally change in this field.
However, if we compare 2019 to 2011, we can see that the position of women is changing very slowly. Or, in come cases, not at all. Ten years ago, out of 100 companies, 9 women held the position of director, and 8 years later, only 1. At that time, women mainly ran retail chains such as Mercator, Univerexport and Metro.
“According to the latest equality index from 2018, and if we compare it to 2016, we can see that there has been a decline in male dominance in economy, but when we take all the different indicators into account, there is no change in the statistics. There is no indication that there has been progress, things have remained the same and one of the deepest structural inequalities is associated with positions related to economic power that still remains in the hands of men,” said Marija Babovic, professor at the Faculty of Philosophy.
The professor also notes that new data on the equality index will be published soon, but that for now, there is not much new research on female entrepreneurship. One of them, from 2019, showed that 30% of women occupy leading positions only in private companies in Serbia, mainly in Belgrade, Novi Sad and Subotica.
Most women managers work in associations, hairdressing and beauty salons, as well as in accounting and auditing jobs, restaurants. Women are less present in health care segment, crude oil exploitation and in the rental and leasing of air and water transport equipment.
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