New laws came into force on the first day of 2020, namely those which ban the use of plastic bags, stipulate new rules of behaviour in buildings, the work of bailiffs on collecting debts, legalization in the jurisdiction of municipalities, and older retirement age for women.
Also, from 1st January, the mandatory TV subscription fee will increase from 220 to 255 dinars.
Furthermore, the local municipal tax, which is paid on vehicle registration, will also increase. Only buses and vans are excluded from this regulation and the amounts are determined by the local authorities.
Belgrade citizens will soon see an increase in water prices. From 1 January, public bailiffs will deal with unpaid Infostan costs instead of the courts.
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150,000 Belgrade residents have old debts for utilities and heating, which are charged by Infostan. Now, close to 8,000 households, which owe money on the account of unpaid utilities, will have more time to pay outstanding debts, that is until the end of March. The city authorities have also offered to cancel the interest rate on a maximum of 12 unpaid bills. If the bills are paid in full, there will be a 15% discount on the entire amount.
NO TO PLASTIC BAGS
The city of Belgrade officially introduced a ban on the use of plastic bags from 1st January. Shoppers will be able to use paper or canvas bags in the shops and, as retailers will be fined if they violate these regulations.
The new rules of behaviour in residential buildings are also applicable in the New Year, with the most interesting being the penalties for making excessive noise in apartments. For noise exceeding 30 decibels there will be a fine of 5,000 dinars, depending on the city.
This means that the citizens of Serbia can also report their neighbours for noise, banging, drilling, moving furniture, hitting the wall and even crying too loud.
MODIFICATION OF RETIREMENT CONDITIONS
In 2020, women will have to turn 63 to be eligible for an old-age pension. In order for a person to retire early, they will have to have at least 39 years of work service and be 57 years and eight months of age (women) and have 40 years of work service and be 58 years and four months of age (men).
NEW RULES FOR FLAT-RATE TAXPAYERS
New rules are also in place for flat-rate taxpayers as of 1st January. Amendments to the Personal Income Tax Law have abolished the so-called capital groups and extended the list of those taxpayers who can now be considered flat-rate. From 15th January, they will receive their tax overview electronically, in advance for the whole year, so they will know exactly how much tax they have to pay that year. There will be additional benefits for certain categories of flat-rate taxpayers.
Also from January, car mechanics (including car body mechanics) and accountants will also come under the category of flat-rate taxpayers. The method of taxation changes for 14 sectors, including taxi drivers, web developers, architects and artists. They will be taxed according to the national average.
If you are a freelancer and work exclusively for a foreign employer who does not have a representative office in Serbia, in 2020, the law recognizes you as self-employed, with all the rights and obligations arising from it. This means that you have to calculate taxes and contributions yourself.
WORK-RELATED TRANSPORTATION COSTS
The rules for the reimbursement of work-related transport costs have changed. As of 1st January, the employer can choose between two options.
The first option is for the employer to buy monthly transport tickets for employees using public transport to get to and from work.
This is the cheapest option because there are no additional costs. On the other hand, it is the least desirable option for employees because it does not respect their freedom to choose what type of transport they will use to get to and from work. The reimbursement is based on the tickets collected and presented to the employer.
Another option is for the employer to pay the employee a refund for the transport costs, using a non-taxable amount, if these costs are documented.
DRIVER’S LICENCE MORE EXPENSIVE
In order to pass for a driver’s license (the B category) in Novi Sad the future drivers will have to pay 8,000 dinars more, while in most other cities prices will not change.
As of 1st January, taking the driving test in Novi Sad will cost future drivers about 95,000 dinars or just over 800 euro.
(Vecernje Novosti, 01.01.2020)
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