The Ministry of Labour has published the draft law stipulating internship and apprenticeship, which prescribes the right to compensation for apprentices equal to at least 2/3 of the minimum wage, increased by the corresponding contributions and taxes, writes Nova Ekonomija. The public debate on the document will last until 23 December.
As proposed, the trainee will also have the right to mandatory pension and disability insurance, as well as mandatory health insurance. In Serbia, the youth unemployment rate between the ages of 15 and 24 is consistently higher than the employment rate. In 2020, the youth unemployment rate was 26.6 %, while the employment rate was 20.8 %.
The new law will regulate the limited duration of tasks given by the employer, which will allow the trainee to gain practical experience, specific knowledge and appropriate skills in a given occupation. It will also regulate how the trainee acquires practical work experience, specific knowledge and appropriate skills, as well as the rights, obligations and responsibilities of both the employer and the trainee.
The draft law defines that a trainee is a natural person, up to a maximum of 30 years of age, who undertakes a traineeship with an employer for the purpose of acquiring practical experience, specific knowledge and appropriate skills to work in a particular occupation.
It is proposed that a person under the age of 18 can only be taken on as a trainee on the basis of the opinion of the competent health authority, which determines whether he or she is able to carry out the work practice and whether the traineeship is not harmful to his or her health. The traineeship can be carried out by an unemployed person who is at least 15 years old and has acquired at least primary education, but has no work experience in the profession for which he or she is doing the traineeship, regardless of whether he or she is registered as unemployed.
The working hours of the trainee may not exceed 40 hours per week and the employer cannot demand from the trainee to perform work tasks not covered by the traineeship plan and a relevant contract.
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