Kosovo will apply for UN membership only if 5 SC members agree

Kosovo will not seek membership in the United Nations without the explicit consent of all five permanent members of the UN Security Council – France, Great Britain, America, Russia and China.

 This is stated in the document obtained by Nova, which was drawn up by diplomats working on the Roadmap for the implementation of the European Agreement on Kosovo. Nova also writes that, in this way, they are trying to find a solution to Serbia’s opposition to agreeing to the admission of Kosovo to all international organizations, which means the UN as well.

Kosovo’s admission to international organizations is stipulated in point 4 of the European draft agreement, which states that Serbia will not oppose membership.

For now coexistence and cooperation, soon mutual recognition

 In the document entitled “Agreement on the path to normalization between Kosovo and Serbia – Implementation of Article 4” it is stated that this proposal was inspired by the Basic Treaty on the Two Germanys from 1972 and that it is not about mutual recognition, but about peaceful coexistence and cooperation.

“The Federal Republic of Germany never recognized the German Democratic Republic and vice versa. However, the Basic Treaty of 1972 made it possible for the two Germanys to accept the reality of the other’s existence. This also enabled Western countries to develop relations with the GDR. If Serbia and Kosovo continue with their determination to join the European Union, full normalization through mutual recognition will soon occur. For now, coexistence through cooperation and peaceful relations, regardless of differences, is the only thing that the international community is asking from Serbia and Kosovo,” states the document that European diplomats prepared as an appendix to the Road Map for the Implementation of the European Agreement.

When it comes to disagreements about point 4, the following is stated:

“Serbia’s objection is not necessarily an obstacle to Kosovo’s UN membership. Kosovo’s UN membership depends exclusively on the formal consent of five permanent UN Security Council members. Historical practice shows that upon the approval of the five permanent members, the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly proceed rather quickly.

Although it states the obvious, this short entry is worth pursuing due to the following reasons:

  • It acknowledges the relevance of Russia and China as geopolitical power players, a symbolic gesture towards Moscow and Beijing.
  • It addresses Serbia’s sensitivities concerning Kosovo’s UN membership
  • Kosovo gains nothing by pursuing UN membership without the explicit consent of the permanent five
  • With its constructive approach, Serbia gains the West’s favour.

Regarding the last point, Serbia should consider that a stabilising agreement (the so-called new Yalta) is possible in the rapidly changing geopolitical circumstances and growing tensions between the East and the West. Kosovo’s UN membership could end up in the arrangement. Serbia loses everything, Kosovo and the much-needed Western support in that scenario. The simple new entry in the Annex, stating nothing but the obvious, could become Serbia’s insurance policy. “

“Serbian authorities claim that the fact that Serbia does not oppose Kosovo’s membership in the UN represents a violation of Serbia’s basic position not to recognize Kosovo as a sovereign and independent country. In their opinion, membership in the UN is exclusively for sovereign and independent states, therefore, consent implies indirect recognition (of independence). That is not necessarily the case”, reports Nova.

Examples of Ukraine and Belarus, as well as the case of Israel, are cited in support of this. It is also underlined that Serbia should be aware of its limitations and that its opposition is not necessarily an obstacle to Kosovo’s admission to the UN.

During his interview for RTS, Serbian President, Aleksandar Vučić, did say that point 4 is problematic, which implies the admission of Kosovo to all international organizations. When asked if this includes the United Nations, Vučić replied: “It does, that’s why I didn’t sign it” and added that „the solution is in the implementation, i.e. the road map that is being developed, which should stipulate the way in which both parties will implement the agreement“.

(N1, 05.03.2023)



This post is also available in: Italiano

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