How different are women’s and man’s salaries in Serbia?

Although women make up a more educated part of the population, only 3,128 of them and 31,625 men in Serbia have an income of more than 200,000 dinars, according to the latest data from the Tax Administration of Serbia.

Representatives of this institution point out that they received 34,753 applications for determining the annual personal income tax for 2021, and that the share of men in this statistic is not decreasing. On the contrary, their number is higher not only last year but also in 2020, compared to 2019.

“The fact remains that women are more likely to graduate from universities, but at the same time, women are the ones who will accept any job after finishing school, so that they can form a family later. They are less ‘picky’ when it comes to work and more often accept lower-paid or part-time jobs, because of children and family obligations. Also, women are not that frequently promoted in the workplace as men – in a large number of companies, even today, it is ‘understood’ that male workers are usually engaged in additional training, which, in turn, results in higher salaries. In the majority of cases, parenthood takes women away from work and forces them to take a break in their careers, while the number of men who use paternity leave is still a statistical error”, points out Dr. Zorica Mršević, scientific advisor at the Institute of Social Sciences and an expert at gender-sensitive legislation.

The statistical data also show that the gap in earnings between women and men in Serbia is 8.8 percent in favour of men, which means that a woman would have to work 35 days more to earn the same annual salary as a man of the same education and work experience. Paradoxically, women’s wages are lower even in professions in which they make up the majority of the workforce.

Although data from the Ministry of Health show that out of 130,000 employees in the health sector, as many as 100,000 are women, and figures from the Ministry of Labor testify that women make up as much as 95 percent of employees in the social welfare system, figures show that women employed in health and social care receive 85 percent of men’s wages.

The inequalities do not end there either – the data show that women make up 75 percent of employees in education, but that the salaries of female teachers and professors are as much as 13 percent lower than the salaries of their colleagues. And women employed in the state administration receive only 84 percent of the salary of their male colleagues, women in retail have 13 percent less salary than men, while women’s earnings in the processing industry are 10 percent lower than men’s. Even female artists are paid 7 percent less than male artists. As expected, the largest wage gap is in the financial and insurance sectors, where women earn as much as 21 percent less than their male counterparts.

(Politika, 08.11.2022)



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