The Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development has published the Draft Law on the dual model for higher education, which stipulates that students can spend at least 450 hours (about 60 days) per year, during the course of studies, working at a company and receive at the least 50% of the salary that company employees get for the same type of work.
The Draft Law stipulates the same conditions for students as for high schoolers who are studying in line with the dual education model, i.e. learning through work. In dual education, students do not have the same worker’s rights and obligations such as regular employees such as the right to pension and disability insurance and trade union membership.
According to the Ministry of Education, the dual model of education will be introduced to higher learning institutions owing to “the positive experiences of other European countries”.
“Students who complete their dual-model studies, given the relevant practical experience, significantly increase their competitiveness in the labour market and will have a greater chance of employment with the company they worked for while studying,” the Ministry says.
The law also prescribes that the students’ work at a company also bears a certain number of ESPB points (a system for evaluating student performance at universities), while students can also conclude a contract on learning through work with the employer
According to the draft law, the employer is obligated to provide students with funds and equipment for work, reimbursement of transportation costs and food, as well as insurance in case of an injury at work.
Also, the draft law stipulates that students are entitled to a compensation of at least 50% of the salary of an employee working in the same or similar job, and in the case of the employer paying for the student’s tuition fee, that fee can be deducted from the pay that the student receives for his work.
The conditions that an employer has to fulfil is that its core business activity coincides with the student’s curriculum, to provide enough workspace and adequate means for work in accordance with the curriculum and that it is not undergoing bankruptcy or liquidation proceedings.
The employer also has to provide a mentor or other responsible person to teach the student. The mentor should not be convicted of criminal offences or any offences related to labour law, and the same goes for the employer too.
This post is also available in: Italiano