Global democracy is under threat – claims The Economist magazine, as it publishes its annual Democracy Index.
This year’s report says that there are only 19 countries in the world with full democracy.
The index, which comprises 60 indicators across five broad categories—electoral process and pluralism, functioning of government, political participation, democratic political culture and civil liberties—concludes that less than 5% of the world’s population currently lives in a “full democracy”.
Nearly a third of population lives under authoritarian rule, with a large share of those in China. Overall, 89 of the 167 countries assessed in 2017 received lower scores than they had the year before.
Norway remains the most democratic country in the ranking, a position it has held since 2010, and Western Europe accounts for 14 of the 19 “full democracies” that make up the ranking’s top tier. Nonetheless, the region’s average score slipped slightly in 2017, to an average of 8.38 points out of 10. The Spanish government’s attempt to stop Catalonia’s independence referendum by force on October 1st caused the country’s score to fall by 0.22 points, leaving it just 0.08 points above the “flawed democracy” threshold.
The United States of America sits in 21st place in the ranking, level with Italy. It remains a “flawed democracy” for the second year in a row.
As far as Serbia goes, it is ranked 66th in the world, and is also considered a flawed democracy. Mexico shares the same ranking as Serbia. Serbia was given the score of 6.41 which is a drop from last year’s 6.57.
The ten most democratic countries in the world:
- New Zealand
(Blic, The Economist, 04.02.2018)
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