Proceeds from ecological taxes and fees are not enough to solve the problem of pollution in Serbia, and, in order to encourage companies to reduce their negative impact on the environment, NALED proposes the introduction of higher fees for large polluters, as well as the expanding the list of harmful gases which emission should be taxed.
These recommendations are, as stated in the press release, part of the analysis of the success of the application of tax instruments in reducing pollution. Full implementation would provide an additional 18.5 million for the environmental investment budget.
“According to the results of the analysis, in addition to electricity production, much of the illicit particles come from individual combustion plants and others. Although households are the main cause of the excessive increase in PM10 particles, they are not subject to any control and the heating devices they use are sold freely on the market without complying with environmental standards,” reads the press release.
That’s why the recommendation is to increase the price of coal in order to encourage citizens to switch to more sustainable energy sources. Nearly 80 percent of households in the country do not have a gas or district heating connection, and boiler rooms, while mostly relying on natural gas, use fuel oil and coal.
“We are encouraged to see that the Ministry of Environmental Protection has sent three public tenders to local governments, providing a total of 400 million dinars for the replacement of individual chimneys, renovation of old boiler rooms and reforestation, and we hope to see the first results soon,” the statement adds.
The total investment in cleaning up the air is estimated at about 2.3 billion euro, which is why a sustainable financing system is needed that will be based on the “polluter pays” principle.
(Vecernje Novosti, 10.02.2021)
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