53.7 percent of women in Serbia are not employed – they do not have a job or they are not looking for one. This is the result of a survey conducted by the Parliamentary Budget Office in cooperation with the State Statistical Office.
This data casts a shadow on the good results from the 2017 survey, when there were 127,000 women more working relative to 2014. Also, in the period between 2014 and 2017, there were no major changes in terms of the employment gap between men and women.
Three years ago, the unemployment rate for men was 18.3%, and for women 20.3%. In 2017, unemployment was reduced among men, while the gender employment gap did not become smaller – 12.8% of unemployed were men and 14.3% women.
Over a half of women over the age of 15 are not even looking for a job. In men’s case, this percentage stands at 38, according to the survey.
Want to open a company in Serbia? Click here!
There are several reasons for women being so inactive in the job segment, and this is partly due to differences in the age structure – about 25% of women are over the age of 65, as oppose to 20% of men.
The biggest reason for this work inactivity is certainly the number of retired people, as a half of those in the labour market are considered inactive.
Other important reasons are education, training, illness, and incapacity for work. It is also noted that women are not more likely to participate in the labour market than men because they are primary carers of children or sick people or for other personal and family reasons.
In terms of the position of women in the labour market per age groups, women ages 35-55 are in the best position, as the unemployment rate among them is the lowest.
Women over 55 are mostly inactive in the labour market, while in the age group of 15 to 24, the unemployment rate is still high, 36.3%, but certainly less than in 2014 when it was 50%.
The level of education is important for the position of women in the labour market. As the level of education increases, women are more active in the labour market and the number of employed women increases.
The highest number of employed women is found among those who are highly educated. Also, with a higher level of education, the gap that exists between women and men in terms of the employment rate is much narrower, i.e. the difference is almost negligible.
This post is also available in: Italiano